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Home » Lesson 8 -Level 1 of Essential Words

Lesson 8 -Level 1 of Essential Words


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A) First of all, please write down the audio file.



[wc_box color=”info” text_align=”left”] B) Please read the story


How the Sun and the Moon Were Made



Do you ever wonder where the moon and the sun came from? The Inuit people of Alaska have a theory. They tell a story about a beautiful girl. She was very nice. In contrast, her brother was a mean little boy. One day he proposed something. “We should go to a party,” he said.

The girl accepted. First, it was necessary for her to prepare. She arranged her hair and put on nice clothes. This required a lot of time. But the girl worked hard, and soon she had success. She looked perfect.

They attended the party together. The girl was having fun. Later, she walked into the bathroom. Suddenly, the lights were turned off! Someone grabbed her hair and tore her clothes. She ran out of the bathroom.

She wanted to know who did this to her. Then she had an idea. She fixed her hair again. This time it was even more beautiful. She even balanced beautiful jewels in it. She wanted to encourage the person to grab it again. She put black dirt in her hair. The purpose of this was to catch the person.

She went to the bathroom again, and it was the same pattern. The lights went off, and someone grabbed her hair. When he released it, his hand was black. The girl returned to the party. She knew there was only a single person with a black hand. When she saw that person, he was very familiar. It was her brother!

He ran into the woods. The girl ran after him. They both carried fire so they could see in the dark. The smoke went into the air. As they ran, they grew. They became huge. Then they went into space. When the girl’s fire went out, she hung in the sky. She became the moon, and her brother became the sun. They chase each other forever.


[wc_box color=”primary” text_align=”left”] C) Please listen to the story again



[wc_box color=”danger” text_align=”left”] Vocabulary


accept v.


To accept something that is offered is to take it.
—► I accepted the girl’s very nice gift.

arrange v.  (arrange=order, group, sort, organize)


To arrange things is to put them in the right place.
—► Please arrange the bowling pins in order so we can play.

attend v.


To attend something is to go to it.
—► My sister and I attend the same school.

balance v.


To balance something is to keep it from falling.
—►We saw an elephant balance itself on a ball.

contrast n. (contrast=opposition)


A contrast is the sharp difference between two things.
—►The contrast between my parents is very noticeable.


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encourage v.


To encourage someone is to make them want to do something.
—►My football coach will encourage us when we are losing.

familiar adj.


If someone or something is familiar to you, you know them well.
—►The two friends were very familiar with each other.

grab v.


To grab is to take a hold of someone or something suddenly.
—►grabbed a pear from the tree.

hang   v.


To hang something is to keep it above the ground.
—►drew a picture of my family, and my mother hung it on the wall.





hang up: phobia, mental block, psychological block, block, difficulty




hangdog : shamefaced, ashamed, embarrassed











Hang your coat on the hook.
-A picture of their parents hangs over the bedroom door.
-A small study for the painting hangs in the J. Paul Getty Museum.

-He stood very still, his arms hanging loosely, his feet apart.
-Hold one end of the rope in your hand and let the other end hang down.
-In the corner of the room was a large lamp, hanging from the ceiling.

-Most of the time we hang at my house.
-The children are hanging up the decorations for the party.
-The keys are hanging on a nail by the door.

-When are we going to hang the lights on the Christmas tree, Mommy?
-Where do you think we should hang it?

-And how had Brampton been hanged?
-I want the children to understand sex and grow up without any hang-ups.
-Richards had a few technical hang-ups bringing the script to the screen.

-Sarah has a hang-up about her nose — she thinks it’s too big.
-They’re just ordinary people with all the usual hang-ups about love.

-Deborah has a very good self-image and no particular hang-ups about her body.
-He’s a very attractive man who looks younger than his age so why the hang-up?
-There are still, however, some hang-ups in this production.

-a teenage hangout on Fountain Street

-In New York, try one of the celebrity hangouts, such as the Russian Tea Room or Elaine’s.

-The bar is a favorite hangout for soldiers from the nearby base.

-The Embry home is the neighborhood hangout, with kids pouring in and out at all hours.

-They started for a Communist Party hangout.
-After all you had to drink last night, I’m surprised you don’t have a hangover.
-Could you try to keep the noise down? I’ve got a hangover.

-Kevin woke up the next day with a terrible hangover.

-The company’s debt is a hangover from its attempts to expand too rapidly.

huge  adj.


If something is huge, it is very big.
—► At work, my father drives a huge truck.

necessary adj.


If something is necessary, you must do it.
—►It is necessary to have a passport when you travel to a foreign country.

pattern n.


A pattern is a way in which something is done or organized.
—► My pattern of brushing my teeth is the same as most people’s.

propose v.  (propose =suggest, offer,  recommend)


To propose something is to say that it should be done.
—►Santa Claus proposed that I try to be a good boy all year.








-Did she accept his proposal?
-the President’s budget proposals.
-Their proposal to build a new airport has finally been rejected.

-They will consider our proposal at their next meeting.
-At the last meeting, Mrs Williams was proposed by several members.

-Did he get down on one knee to propose?
-I propose that we discuss this at the next meeting.

I thought he was going to propose to me, but in fact he just wanted to borrow some

-I would like to propose Mr Harrison for the position of Party Treasurer.
-We proposed several dates for the next meeting, but they were all rejected.
-The proposed regulations would take effect next year.

-I’ll consider your proposition and let you know.
-I have a proposition to make.
-We’re still studying the proposition.



purpose n.


A purpose is the reason that you do something.
—►The purpose of exercising is to get into shape.

release  v.  (release =free, untie)


To release something is to stop holding it.
—► She released the bird from her hands.








ˌ-day reˈlease [uncountable] British English
a system that allows workers to spend one day a week studying a subject at a college.

news reˌlease [countable]
TCN an official statement giving information to the newspapers, radio, and television [= press release]:
The University has issued a news release announcing the results of their experiments.

press reˌlease [countable]
TCN an official statement giving information to the newspapers, radio, or television.

re-re‧lease /;ri: rû”li:s/ [transitive]
AMFTCR if a CD, record, or film is re-released, it is produced and sold or shown for a second time, usually with small changes
re-release /”ri: rûli:s/ noun [countable]

work reˌlease [uncountable] American English
a system in which a prisoner is allowed to work outside a prison.




*vapour / vapor :





vapor train








require v.


To require something is to say that it is necessary.
—►We require teachers to have a university degree.

single adj.


If something is single, then there is only one.
—►I have a single key in my hand.

Success n.


Success is doing something well that you choose to do.
—► My daughter was a big success at school.

tear v.


To tear something means to pull it apart.
—►It is easy to tear paper.

theory n.


A theory is an idea about how something works.
—►We talked about Einstein’s theory of relativity in class.

More words of this text that u have to search in your dictionary:


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Now Listen to the sound files of the Vocabulary please



Listen to the sound file of the vocabulary again


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Now read the text and listen to the the reading file again